German Wind Energy

I have unusually added a second post today, and if you have not seen it, you may wish to see my post on the Monckton-Doha affair. The article that has prompted this post is one I have just stumbled upon at Spiegel, in which Spiegel interviews Stephan Kohler, the head of the German Energy Agency. I will quote the early part of the interview:

SPIEGEL: Mr. Kohler, according to the government’s plans, the last German nuclear power plant will go offline in 2022. What will the domestic power supply look like at that point?

Kohler: It will be interesting. It’s easy to shut down a nuclear power plant, but that doesn’t mean you have something to replace it with. We know today, for example, that we don’t have enough reliable power plant capacity in southern Germany to be able to offset the loss of nuclear energy.

SPIEGEL: Solar and wind aren’t enough?

Kohler: According to the generally accepted opinion, the transition to renewable energy sources means that we will give up nuclear power and rely on wind and solar instead. The reality is that we’ll need conventional power plants until at least 2050, even if we do create massive renewable energy sources. Many people dispute this. They say that we could replace power plants operated with fossil fuels by adding more renewable energy sources. My response to them is: It won’t work.

SPIEGEL: What’s the problem?

Kohler: When a new wind farm is opened and we’re told how many thousands of households it can supply with electricity, that number applies to only a quarter of our demand. In Germany, 75 percent of electricity goes to industry, for which a secure supply — that is, at every second, and with constant voltage — is indispensable. Neither solar nor wind power are suitable for that purpose today. Both fluctuate and provide either no secure supply or only a small fraction of a secure supply. Solar energy has a load factor of about 1,000 hours a year. But there are 8,670 hours in a year.

SPIEGEL: But on some days solar power is already enough to supply all of Germany with electricity.

Kohler: Photovoltaic systems are distributed across hundreds of thousands of small power plants, which sounds nice. But when the sky is blue over Germany, these hundreds of thousands of decentralized plants act like a single, large power plant. All of the sudden we have 30,000 megawatts coming into the grid, which, in many cases, we can’t use.

SPIEGEL: Is that so dramatic? It’s better to have a surplus than a shortage.

Kohler: I don’t want to bore you with the details, but a surplus and fluctuations lead to very unpleasant systemic effects. We have voltage fluctuations within the grid that create problems for industry. Or we overload the grids in neighboring countries. Poland is in the process of installing technical equipment to protect its grids by keeping out surplus German electricity.

SPIEGEL: So far the prognoses that anticipated possible blackouts during peak load times have not come true. Weren’t the concerns, including yours, exaggerated?

Kohler: We were lucky in the winter of 2012. By 2015, we will manage to secure the current power supply with old power plants. Then a number of large power plants in southern Germany will gradually go offline, starting with Grafenrheinfeld in Bavaria. If we don’t act very quickly now, the reality will show us that we face real problems.

And so the article goes on, detailing the problems associated with intermittent energy provision, and making points that skeptics have been making for so long. The simple and plain fact is that these so-called renewable sources of energy are simply a disaster. An expensive and pointless disaster. I have written on several (e.g. see here) occasions about the dangers of the move to renewable energy, and German experience trumps the sunny and rosy predictions given for a ‘renewable future’. If Germany cannot make it work, what on earth makes people think it can work in New Zealand. After all, we are looking at the example of Germany, which is famed for great engineering and efficiency.

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3 responses to “German Wind Energy

  1. I met some people here in NZ who live “off grid”, and had $40,000 worth of PV panels installed. An electrical storm seems to have completely fried the system. A neighbour of theirs who has $20,000 of panels also had the same experience.

  2. Having lived in lovely Rottenrua for a number of years before, one thing about the NZ power generation kept me wondering. I can’t remember ever hearing the most obvious problem mentioned: NZ is an island, without an international grid like Germany or indeed all of Europe. You Kiwis have to generate all ypur electricity by yourselves, every second of every day of every year. No-one else is going to help in that and no-one even could.

    The German power grid is kept afloat only by importing and exporting electricity from neighbouring countries. That’s why they can keep their internal power generation mix in the current unsustainable state. In NZ, a similar system would mean a total black out at once.

  3. Wind energy is here to stay. However, wind energy needs backup supply for stable production. Therefore, the maximum fraction of wind energy in the grid is no more than 50%.

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